Types of Hearing Loss

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Causes of Hearing Loss

There are a variety of causes of hearing loss. Here we will discuss a few of the most common.

The most common type of hearing loss we see is a Sensorineural Loss. This loss can be caused by genetics, noise exposure, age, and a variety of other factors. This type of loss commonaly refers to the degradation of hair like nerve cells called cilia, deep in the cochlea of the inner ear. Play and watch the video on the left. This is a representation of how hair cells become damaged.


A conductive hearing loss can be caused by the accumulation of ear wax, or cerumen. Wax production in the human ear is normal and healthy, but sometimes wax can accumulate in the ear canal to the point that the ear actually becomes plugged. This, of course, will cause an effective hearing loss. A simple otoscopic examination can determine whether this is the cause of your hearing loss.

Otoscopic exams are free at Ear Level Communications.